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China

Forced Labor Fuels Xinjiang’s Raw Materials Industries

Companies operating in Xinjiang’s raw materials industries use prison labor, or exploit government-run “poverty alleviation” programs, and then ship their products across the country for use in goods sold in China and around the world, Kharon found.

Iran

With an Eye Towards Export Markets, Iran’s Largest Aluminum Plant Opens

Iran’s largest aluminum production facility to date opened this spring, even as the U.S. pressures the country’s metals sector with sanctions. The South Aluminum Complex, has an initial production capacity of 300,000 tons per year, according to the South Aluminum Corporation (SALCO), its operating company. SALCO was designated in 2018 when the U.S. reimposed sanctions following its withdrawal from the nuclear deal with Iran.