China’s Military-Industrial Complex: Understanding How New Regulations Impact MEU Risk Management

New Military end use (MEU) regulations targeting U.S. exports to firms associated with China’s military, intelligence, and law enforcement have created new legal and compliance challenges for many multinational corporates that export to China. These new regulations include tightened export controls of certain items meant for military end users in China and items intended for military end uses in the country, as well as restrictions on financial investments in certain Chinese military-linked firms. This paper provides insights that highlight risk dynamics for Chinese military end uses and end users to help guide compliance and decision-making.